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ETHYL CHLOROACETATE
ICSC: 1081
Peer-Review Status: 15.10.2001 Validated
Chloroacetic acid, ethyl ester
Ethyl monochloroacetate
Ethyl alpha-chloroacetate
Ethyl-2-monochloroacetate 
CAS #: 105-39-5 RTECS #: AF9110000
UN #: 1181
EC #: 607-070-00-7
EINECS #: 203-294-0
    Formula: C4H7ClO2 / ClCH2CO2C2H5
Molecular mass: 122.55

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use water spray, dry powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 53°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 53°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Watering of the eyes. Redness. Pain.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burning sensation of the tongue. Nausea. Abdominal pain. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in covered plastic containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in dry sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T, N; R: 23/24/25-50; S: (1/2)-7/9-45-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1181.
NFPA Code: H; F3; R0. 
Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials and food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Dry. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic and corrosive gases including hydrogen chloride and acetic acid fumes. Reacts with water, moist air and acids. This produces hydrogen chloride. Reacts with bases, oxidants and reducing agents. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes. The substance is moderately irritating to the skin and respiratory tract. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 144.2°C
Melting point: -26°C
Density: 1.15 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 1.23
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 450
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.2
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 53°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 452°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: (calculated) 
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Explosive limits are unknown in literature, although the substance is combustible and has a flash point < 61°C. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations