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CAMPHOR
ICSC: 1021
Peer-Review Status: 05.07.2003 Validated
2-Bornanone
2-Camphanone
1,7,7-Trimethylbicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one 
CAS #: 76-22-2 RTECS #: EX1225000
UN #: 2717
EINECS #: 200-945-0
    Formula: C10H16O
Molecular mass: 152.3

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 66°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed. Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.  Above 66°C use a closed system and ventilation. Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust.   
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!   
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Further see Ingestion.  Use ventilation (not if powder), local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burning sensation in the throat and chest. Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Headache. Confusion. Convulsions. Unconsciousness.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and particulates adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 4.1; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-41GF1-II+III.
NFPA Code: H0; F2; R0. 
Separated from strong oxidants, strong reducing agents, chlorinated solvents and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS OR WHITE CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic gases and irritating fumes. Reacts violently with strong oxidants, strong reducing agents and chlorinated solvents. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 2 ppm as TWA; 3 ppm as STEL; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2003).
MAK: 2 ppm, 13 mg/m³; Peak limitation category: II(2); (DFG 2002). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. This may result in convulsions and respiratory depression. Ingestion could cause death. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 204°C
Melting point: 180°C
Sublimes at room temperature
Density: 0.99 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 25°C: 0.12
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 27
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.24
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1
Flash point: 66°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 466°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.6-3.5 
 

NOTES
Camphor is available in two optical isomers (CAS 464-48-2 and 464-49-3) and as a racemic mixture (CAS 21368-68-3). 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Camphor (PIM 095)
       Camphor (UKPID)