|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Extremely flammable.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use water in large amounts, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Pain. Redness. Blisters. Skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns. Loss of vision.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Abdominal cramps. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wear protective gloves when inducing vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: F+, Xi; R: 12-36/37/38; S: (2)-16-26-29
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: I
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-656.
NFPA Code: H3; F4; R0.
|Fireproof. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers.|
Physical State; Appearance
HYGROSCOPIC COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH AMMONIA ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 33-34°C
Melting point: -95.2°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.7
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 63.7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.7
Auto-ignition temperature: 402°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.3-10
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.3
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations ISOPROPYLAMINE (JECFA Evaluation)