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1,1-DICHLOROPROPANE
ICSC: 0723
Peer-Review Status: 04.07.1997 Validated
Propylidene chloride 
CAS #: 78-99-9 RTECS #: TX9450000
UN #: 1992
EINECS #: 201-165-3
    Formula: C3H6Cl2 / CHCl2CH2CH3
Molecular mass: 113.0

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!   
Inhalation Dizziness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves.  First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant. 
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30GTF1-II.  Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces hydrogen chloride and phosgene. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation. 

Inhalation risk
No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and skin. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 88°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.13
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 8.7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.9
Flash point: 16°C o.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 557°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.4-14.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.3 (calculated) 
 

NOTES
Insufficient data are available on the effect of this substance on human health, therefore utmost care must be taken.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See section Emergency Response. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations