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1,2,3-TRICHLOROPROPANE
ICSC: 0683
Peer-Review Status: 21.04.2005 Validated
Glycerol trichlorohydrin
Allyl trichloride 
CAS #: 96-18-4 RTECS #: TZ9275000
UN #: 2810
EC #: 602-062-00-X
EINECS #: 202-486-1
    Formula: C3H5Cl3 / CH2ClCHClCH2Cl
Molecular mass: 147.4

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 73°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with metals.  Above 73°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Drowsiness. Unconciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin. Redness. Tingling sensation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Nausea. Headache. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Drowsiness. Unconsciousness.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T; R: 45-60-20/21/22; S: 53-45; Note: D 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT1-III.
NFPA Code: H3; F2; R0. 
Separated from powdered metals and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes. Reacts violently with some powdered metals. This generates explosion hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 10ppm as TWA; (skin); A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); (ACGIH 2005).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 2; Skin absorption (H); (DFG 2005). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the liver and kidneys. This may result in impaired functions. Exposure at high levels could cause lowering of consciousness. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
This substance is probably carcinogenic to humans. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 156°C
Melting point: -14°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.39
Solubility in water, g/100ml: 0.18 (very poor)
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.29
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 73°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 304°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.2-12.6
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.27  
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to ground water contamination. 

NOTES
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations