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FENITROTHION
ICSC: 0622
Peer-Review Status: 26.03.1996 Validated
O,O-Dimethyl O-4-nitro-m-tolyl phosphorothioate
O,O-Dimethyl O-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate
O,O-Dimethyl O-4-nitro-m-tolyl thiophosphate 
CAS #: 122-14-5 RTECS #: TG0350000
UN #: 3018
EC #: 015-054-00-0
EINECS #: 204-524-2
    Formula: C9H12NO5PS
Molecular mass: 277.25

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Liquid formulations containing organic solvents may be flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION     See Notes. 
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! AVOID EXPOSURE OF ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Cough. Headache. Pupillary constriction, muscle cramp, excessive salivation. Nausea. Dizziness. Laboured breathing. Convulsions. Sweating. Unconciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal cramps. Confusion. Diarrhoea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Severe marine pollutant. 
EC Classification
Symbol: Xn, N; R: 22-50/53; S: (2)-60-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G43C.  Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from food and feedstuffs. Keep in a well-ventilated room. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
BROWN-TO-YELLOW LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating and on burning. This produces toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides, phosphorus oxides and sulfur oxides. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and skin. The substance may cause effects on the nervous system. This may result in convulsions, respiratory failure and death. Cholinesterase inhibition. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Cholinesterase inhibition. Cumulative effects are possible. See Acute Hazards/Symptoms. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Decomposes at 140-145°C
Melting point: 0.3°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.3
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 0.018
Flash point: 157°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.27  
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to crustacea and bees. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in fish. 

NOTES
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Accothion, Metathion, Novathion, Sumithion are trade names. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Fenitrothion (EHC 133, 1992)
       Fenitrothion (HSG 65, 1991)
       Fenitrothion (FAO/PL:1969/M/17/1)
       Fenitrothion (WHO Pesticide Residues Series 4)
       Fenitrothion (Pesticide residues in food: 1976 evaluations)
       Fenitrothion (Pesticide residues in food: 1977 evaluations)
       Fenitrothion (Pesticide residues in food: 1979 evaluations)
       Fenitrothion (Pesticide residues in food: 1982 evaluations)
       Fenitrothion (Pesticide residues in food: 1983 evaluations)
       Fenitrothion (Pesticide residues in food: 1984 evaluations)
       Fenitrothion (Pesticide residues in food: 1986 evaluations Part II Toxicology)
       Fenitrothion (Pesticide residues in food: 1988 evaluations Part II Toxicology)
       Fenitrothion (JMPR Evaluations 2000 Part II Toxicological)