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PHENYLMERCURIC NITRATE
ICSC: 0541
Peer-Review Status: 24.03.1999 Validated
Mercuriphenyl nitrate
Merphenyl nitrate
Mercury, Nitratophenyl 
CAS #: 55-68-5 RTECS #: OW8400000
UN #: 1895
EC #: 080-008-00-9
EINECS #: 200-242-9
    Formula: C6H5HgNO3
Molecular mass: 339.7

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION      
 
EXPOSURE   STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat.  Use ventilation (not if powder). Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit and P3 filter respirator for toxic particles. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Severe marine pollutant. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T, N; R: 25-34-48/24/25-50/53; S: (1/2)-23-24/25-37-45-60-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G63B.  Separated from food and feedstuffs. Dry. Keep in a well-ventilated room. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
WHITE CRYSTALS OR GREY CRYSTALLINE POWDER. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces mercury vapours and other toxic fumes. 

Occupational exposure limits
MAK: Carcinogen category: 3B; Skin absorption (H); Sensitization of skin (SH); (DFG 2006). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The aerosol is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The substance may have effects on the kidneys. This may result in disfunction. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes malformations in human babies. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Melting point: 176-186°C
Solubility in water: poor 
This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to water quality and soil contamination. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in fish and crustacea. 

NOTES
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Phenalco, Phe-Mer-Nite, Mersolite, Phermernite are trade names.
Card has been partially updated in August 2007: see Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations