IPCS INCHEM Home
ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE
ICSC: 0472
Peer-Review Status: 04.09.1997 Validated
Aluminum phosphide 
CAS #: 20859-73-8 RTECS #: BD1400000
UN #: 1397
EC #: 015-004-00-8
EINECS #: 244-088-0
    Formula: AlP
Molecular mass: 58

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with acids or water.  Use special powder, dry sand. NO other agents. NO water. 
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with acids or water.     
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!   
Inhalation Sore throat. Cough. Shortness of breath. Headache. Dizziness. Nausea. Vomiting.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Burning sensation.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. 
Eyes Redness.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Abdominal pain. Headache. Convulsions. Shock or collapse. Unconsciousness.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Airtight.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: F, T+, N; R: 15/29-28-32-50; S: (1/2)-3/9/14-30-36/37-45-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 4.3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-43GWT2-I.  Fireproof. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from acids, water and food and feedstuffs. Dry. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
DARK GREY OR DARK YELLOW CRYSTALS. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on contact with water. This produces highly flammable and toxic gases (phosphine see ICSC 0694). 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly. Hydrolysis in atmospheric moisture or perspiration may yield gaseous phosphine which can be inhaled. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation of decomposition products (phosphine) may cause lung oedema. See Notes. The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system, nervous system and respiratory tract. This may result in impaired functions and respiratory failure. Exposure could cause death. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Melting point: >1000°C
Relative density (water = 1): 2.9
Solubility in water: reaction 
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Commercial formulations for fumigations usually contain 57% of active ingredient.
Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Alutal, Celphide, Celphine, Celphos, Delicia Gastoxin, Detia Gas-Ex-B, Detia Gas-Ex-P, Detia Gas-Ex-T, L fume, Phosfume, Phostek, Phostoxin, Quickfos, and Zedesa are trade names.
Also consult ICSC 0694 for Phosphine.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See sections EU classification, Emergency Response. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations