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1,1-DICHLORO-1-NITROETHANEICSC: 0434
Ethane, 1,1-dichloro-1-nitro-April 2006
CAS #: 594-72-9
UN #: 2650
EC Number: 209-854-0

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Above 57.8°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Above 57.8°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

   
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Watering of the eyes. Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burning sensation. Abdominal pain.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking liquid in sealable metal containers. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

flam;flameskull;toxic
DANGER
Flammable liquid and vapour
Fatal if inhaled
Toxic if swallowed
May cause respiratory irritation 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. 
PACKAGING
 
1,1-DICHLORO-1-NITROETHANE ICSC: 0434
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
On combustion, forms toxic gases including hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides and phosgene. Reacts violently with strong oxidants. Attacks rubber and some forms of plastic. 

Formula: C2H3Cl2NO2
Molecular mass: 143.9
Boiling point: 124°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.4
Solubility in water at 20°C: very poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 2
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.0
Flash point: 57.8°C c.c.
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.56  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by ingestion and by inhalation of its vapour. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema. See Notes. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: 2 ppm as TWA 

ENVIRONMENT
 

NOTES
Environmental effects from the substance have not been investigated.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: T; R: 23/24/25; S: (1/2)-26-45 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations