IPCS INCHEM Home
ADIPIC ACIDICSC: 0369
March 1998
CAS #: 124-04-9Hexanedioic acid
1,4-Butanedicarboxylic acid
EINECS #: 204-673-3

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible.  Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.  NO open flames.  Closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!  
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin   Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Rest. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into covered plastic containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
 

STORAGE
 
PACKAGING
 
ADIPIC ACID ICSC: 0369
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
ODOURLESS COLOURLESS CRYSTALLINE POWDER. 

Physical dangers
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. If dry, it can be charged electrostatically by swirling, pneumatic transport, pouring, etc. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes of valeric acid and other substances. The substance is a weak acid. Reacts with oxidizing materials. 

Formula: C6H10O4 / HOOC(CH2)4COOH
Molecular mass: 146.14
Boiling point: 338°C
Melting point: 152°C
Density: 1.36 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 15°C: 1.4 (moderate)
Vapour pressure, Pa at 18.5°C: 10
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.04
Flash point: 196°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 422°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.08  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. Inhalation of the aerosol may cause asthmatic reactions. See Notes. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. Repeated or prolonged inhalation may cause asthma. 


Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 5 mg/m3, - ppm, as TWA 

ENVIRONMENT
 

NOTES
The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Anyone who has shown symptoms of asthma due to this substance should avoid all further contact with this substance. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: Xi; R: 36; S: (2) 

All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Adipic acid (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 40abc)
       Adipic acid (WHO Food Additives Series 12)
       ADIPIC ACID (JECFA Evaluation)
       Adipic Acid (SIDS)