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FLUOROACETIC ACID
ICSC: 0274
Peer-Review Status: 13.03.1995 Validated
alpha-Fluoroacetic acid
Monofluoroacetic acid
FAA 
CAS #: 144-49-0 RTECS #: AH5950000
UN #: 2642
EC #: 607-081-00-7
EINECS #: 205-631-7
    Formula: C2H3FO2 / CH2FCOOH
Molecular mass: 78.0

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION      
 
EXPOSURE   STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Cough. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting. Excessive salivation. Numbness. Tingling sensation. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes. Irregular heartbeat.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Serious skin burns. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Convulsions. Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into covered sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Airtight.
Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T+, N; R: 28-50; S: (1/2)-20-22-26-45-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT2-I.  Separated from food and feedstuffs. Keep in a well-ventilated room. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
ODOURLESS COLOURLESS CRYSTALS. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces highly toxic fumes including fluorides. 

Occupational exposure limits
MAK (inhalable fraction): 0.05 mg/m³; Peak limitation category: II(2); Skin absorption (H); (DFG 2005). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying or when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system, central nervous system and kidneys. This may result in impaired functions including cardiac and renal failure. Exposure could cause death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 165°C
Melting point: 35.2°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.37
Solubility in water: soluble
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.061 (estimated) 
This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to mammals. 

NOTES
The symptoms of central nervous system, cardiac, and renal failure do not become manifest until a few hours have passed.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Card has been partly updated in October 2004.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations