|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Use non-sparking handtools.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||STRICT HYGIENE!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Laboured breathing. Heart palpitations. Unconciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Burning sensation. See Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Corneal damage.||Wear safety goggles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: F, T; R: 45-11-20/22-36/37/38-48/20; S: 53-45; Note: D, E
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
Toxic if swallowed
Causes skin irritation
Causes serious eye irritation
Suspected of causing cancer
Causes damage to organs
May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H2; F3; R1.||Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Keep in the dark. Well closed. Store only if stabilized. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 59.4°C
Melting point: -130°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.96
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.03 (very poor)
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 23.2
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.5
Flash point: -20°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 440°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.9-20
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.2 (calculated)
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance; consult an expert.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
Check for peroxides prior to distillation; eliminate if found.
Inhibitors such as hydroquinone or phenothiazine are generally added when it is to be stored.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Chloroprene (SIDS) Chloroprene (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)