|CAS #: 106-89-8||1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane
| UN #: 2023
| EINECS #: 203-439-8
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Above 31°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Above 31°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.||Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|SYMPTOMS||ACUTE HAZARDS||FIRST AID|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat. Burning sensation. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Tremor. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Burning sensation. Blisters. Serious skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Put clothes in sealable container. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Eyes||Pain. Redness. Loss of vision. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Sore throat. Burns in mouth and throat. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
DANGERFlammable liquid and vapour
Toxic if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
May cause an allergic skin reaction
May cause genetic defects
May cause cancer
|Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, acids, bases, aluminium, zinc, amines and food and feedstuffs. Well closed.|
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|Occupational exposure limits|
TLV: 0.5 ppm as TWA; (skin); A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans).
MAK: skin absorption (H); sensitization of skin (SH); carcinogen category: 2; germ cell mutagen group: 3B
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
|Other melting points: -25.6 °C and -57°C.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor, or by an authorized person, should be considered.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Symbol: T; R: 45-10-23/24/25-34-43; S: 53-45; Note: E
|All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.|
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Epichlorohydrin (EHC 33, 1984) Epichlorohydrin (HSG 8, 1987) Epichlorohydrin (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)